It is unlikely the attackers were aware of Governor Boggs’s order at the time of the attack. Sidney Rigdon,Oration Delivered by Mr. S. Rigdon, On the 4th of July, 1838 (Far West, Missouri: Journal Office, 1838), 12; see also Topic: Dissent in the Church. Although difficult, the prison ordeal proved redemptive to Joseph, as profound revelations were given to him during his incarceration.10. Fearing they would be expelled from the county by a local peace officer, Latter-day Saints asked him to sign a statement of impartiality. 1838 Mormon War) mit den alten Siedlern aus Missouri kam. The collection also includes the criminal hearing of Joseph Smith and other church leaders for treason and other crimes. Papers of James L. Minor, Office of Secretary of State Requests for copies of the transcriptions of the Mormon disturbance. Upset over perceived Mormon lawlessness, mobs again assembled against the Saints. St. Louis was a “cosmopolitan city,” said Tom Farmer, a Latter-day Saint in St. Louis who has co-written a history of Mormons there. The Mormons industriously built up new cities throughout Caldwell County, but their numbers swelled and they spilled over into Ray, Carroll, Clinton, and Daviess Counties. The Missouri State Archives’ “Mormon War Papers” shed light on this frequently misunderstood episode of Missouri history. Tensions built up between the rapidly-growing Mormon co… Alexander L. Baugh, A Call to Arms: The 1838 Mormon Defense of Northern Missouri (Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 2000). Cemetery Records Ray County, MissouriGenealogy Trails 3. Lucas arrested Joseph Smith and a few other Mormon leaders and ordered their execution for the next day. Mark Ashurst-McGee, David W. Grua, Elizabeth A. Kuehn, Brenden W. Rensink, and Alexander L. Baugh, eds., Documents, Volume 6: February 1838–August 1839. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z3Zsvml57PE is a video describing how to learn more about the Mormon Church. Rumors of Danite activity persuaded some Missourians that the Mormons threatened violence against neighbors.4. An influx of Mormon settlers into the state led to violent clashes with locals in 1833 and the 1838 Mormon War. 1. It soon became clear that Missouri non-Mormons and Mormons could not live in the same area harmoniously. Joseph Smith’s vision of building a “Zion” community of righteous Saints became tied less to a geographical place and more to wherever Church members should gather.8 The war also resulted in the defection of important leaders. By the time Joseph Smith left Ohio for the Mormon settlement of Far West, Missouri, in the summer of 1838, opposition to the Church’s presence in Missouri had reached a critical point.2, On July 4, 1838, Sidney Rigdon warned that the Saints would no longer tolerate persecution or the denial of their rights as citizens of the United States. Mormons -- Missouri -- History Subject Staff Only Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings ... Huntington writes about his early life, his conversion to the Mormon Church, and his experience as a Mormon in Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois. The Mormon-Missouri War (also called the Mormon War or the Missouri War) was an armed conflict between the Latter-day Saints and other citizens of northern Missouri in the fall of 1838. The Mormons were driven from Jackson County by a mob in 1833 and resettled in Clay County and other parts of northern Missouri. Old Settler mobs and Mormon paramilitary units roamed the countryside. Shortly after organizing the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in 1830, Joseph Smith Jr. revealed that the Second Comingof Christ was near, that the City of Zion would be near the town of Independence in Jackson County, Missouri, and that his followers were destined to inherit the land held by the current settlers. But a diplomatic resolution was interrupted when a mob destroyed a Mormon settlement at De Witt, Carroll County, forcing the Saints there to flee for their lives. Am 27. Read More... Read Less. This was the first “gathering” in Mormon history, gathering being a theme which is very prominent in Mormonism. Armed fighting lasted two weeks. By referring or linking you to this resource, we do not endorse or guarantee the content or the views of the author. When the Mormons attacked a duly authorized militia under the belief it was an anti-Mormon mob, Missouri’s governor, Lilburn Boggs, ordered the Saints expelled from the state, or “exterminated,” if necessary. 1838: The Year the Saints Were Driven Out of Missouri, Peace and Violence among 19th-Century Latter-day Saints. Violence broke out in 1833 as the “Old Settlers” under the guise of “extra-legal” justice took the law into their own hands. If mobs gathered, he thundered in a widely publicized oration, “it shall be between us and them a war of extermination.” At the same time, he vowed that the Saints would not be the aggressors: “We will infringe on the rights of no people; but shall stand for our own until death.”3 During this period, some Mormon men organized a vigilante group known as the Danites, who pledged to defend the Saints against further violence. t. Mormon Walking Trail. County Records Court records found in Ray and Jackson counties, Document Containing the Orders, Correspondence, etc. He recently moved to The Ranch with his wife and their six children.The residents are a hodgepodge of people whose members in Utah haven’t always gotten along. Mormons relocated to neighboring counties to the north, where they continued to face hostility. Smith's followers, commonly known as Mormons, began to settle in Jackson County in 1831 to "build up" the city of Zion. Historic Sites in Missouri Missouri Email Facebook Twitter. In the wake of these outbursts, Governor Boggs, who had previously supported anti-Mormon activities in Jackson County, issued what came to be known as the “extermination order,” which authorized the state militia to drive the Mormons from the state or exterminate them if necessary.5 The most horrific event of the war came a few days later on October 30, when a group of armed Missourians opened fire on Saints at Hawn’s Mill, killing and brutally dismembering 17 men and boys.6. The state’s “Old Settlers” (usually recent immigrants to the Missouri frontier themselves) characterized the Mormon settlers as fanatics whose clannish behavior made a mockery of republican institutions by placing power in the hands of a single man. After it was over, survivors dumped the dead in the town's well and fled. The conflict expanded to involve state officials, including the governor, and resulted in the incarceration of Joseph Smith and the forced expulsion of the Saints from Missouri. Filed under: Mormons -- United States -- History -- 19th century. (The full name, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, was given by revelation in 1838.) The Missouri Mormons are forced to leave Clay County for the more remote Caldwell and Daviess Counties in the northern part of the state. Additional filters: Record Type Collection 43 Archival Record 3 Names Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 9 Smith, Joseph, Jr., 1805-1844 8 Boggs, Lillburn W., 1792-1860 4 United States. Mormons in Missouri Postcard of an Independence street scene and the Temple Lot, dedicated by Joseph Smith, Aug. 3, 1831 Some of the earliest settlers in Jackson County were Christian missionaries, including Methodists, Baptists, and Catholics who focused their efforts on conversion of Native Americans. Over the next year, around eight thousand church members, often ragged and deprived of their property, left Missouri for Illinois. The Missouri Mormon War: ... Family History Can Be Fun 246,043 views. Vol. 6 of the Documents series of The Joseph Smith Papers, edited by Ronald K. Esplin, Matthew J. March 27: One thousand worshippers begin a … See Topics: Opposition to the Early Church, Far West. That same year, Smith dispatched a handful of missionaries to Missouri’s western border to preach the “restored gospel” to the Native American tribes concentrated there. “Peace and Violence among 19th-Century Latter-day Saints,” Gospel Topics Essays, topics.lds.org. Located on the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, the . In mid-October, Mormons raided and burned homes and stores in Gallatin and Millport. In nearby Daviess County, when voters prevented Mormons from entering the polls, a fight broke out. The Missouri Persecutions, by B. H. Roberts (page images at Google; US access only) The Missouri Persecutions, by B. H. Roberts (Gutenberg ebook) Items below (if any) are from related and broader terms. C. C. A. Christensen (1831–1912), The Battle of Crooked River, c. 1878, tempera on muslin, 78 x 114 inches. The conflict’s viciousness escalated, however, even without official sanction, when, on October 30, 1838, an organized mob launched a surprise attack on the small Mormon community of Haun’s Mill, massacring eighteen unsuspecting men and boys. LDS Church History … In 1831 Smith proclaimed that God had designated western Missouri as the place where “Zion” would be “gathered” in anticipation of Christ’s second coming. Missouri Historic Sites. The tension culminated in the Missouri Mormon War of … Soldiers' Records The Soldiers' Records is a comprehensive database abstracted from the individual service cards and listing more than 576,000 Missourians who served in the military from territorial times through World War I. 1838: The Year the Saints Were Driven Out of Missouri - Duration: 5:16. If one wishes to be well informed on this topic then read, Stephen C. LeSueur's book, The 1838 Mormon War in Missouri. Austin A. In 1836, the Missouri legislature created Caldwell County specifically for Mormon settlement and Missouri branches of the church gathered there, centering on the town of Far West. Meanwhile, new converts to Mormonism continued to migrate to Missouri and settle in Clay County. Filed under: Mormons -- Missouri -- History -- 19th century. in relation to the Disturbances with the Mormons Publication by order of the General Assembly of evidence given before the Hon. The governor of Missouri, Lilburn W. Boggs, responded to a plea for help by saying the Saints and the Missourians must fight their own battles. As reports of mobs burning Mormon homes in other counties mounted, the Saints decided to fight back. Brigham Young University Museum of Art, gift of the grandchildren of C. C. A. Christensen, 1970. Filed under: Mormons -- Missouri -- History -- 19th century. The militia, under the command of Major General Samuel D. Lucas, laid siege to Far West on October 31. It includes the 1838 Mormon War in Missouri. The Missouri State Archives’ “Mormon War Papers” shed light on this frequently misunderstood episode of Missouri history. Painting depicting the skirmish between Missouri and Mormon militiamen at Crooked River. Oktober 1838 befahl der Gouverneur von Missouri Lilburn Boggs , dass die Mormonen „als Feinde behandelt“ und ausgerottet oder aus dem Staat vertrieben werden müssen. King, Judge of the fifth Judicial circuit of the State of Missouri, at the court house in Richmond, in a criminal court of inquiry, begun November 12, 1838, on the trial of Joseph Smith, Jr., and others, for high treason and other crimes against the State. Believers were referred to as “Mormons” because of the church’s adherence to “The Book of Mormon,” their companion scripture to the Bible wherein the story of Jesus appearing to the ancestors of the Native Americans was told. Historic Liberty Jail. Though local Campbellite ministers were stirring up some trouble, the Mormons found a safe haven in Ohio. The officer later complained he had been intimidated into signing, and Joseph Smith and Lyman Wight were ordered to answer the complaint in court. The Mormons themselves, often through Brigham Young University, conduct … A Latter-day Saint visitors’ center is located in Independence, Missouri. Mormons Geographic Missouri Topical History. He's better with the Missouri side of the history, but not much better; and it's obvious that he has no sympathy for the Mormons but buys the unlawful acts of the various Missouri gangs and militias with no doubt. Governor Boggs' Extermination Order and Governor Bond's Rescission Order. “1838: The Year the Saints Were Driven Out of Missouri,” LDS.org. In 1836, the residents of Clay County voted to expel the Mormons, and the state government created Caldwell County for their home. Grow, and Matthew C. Godfrey (Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2017), xix–xxix. Mormon History And Theology: Missouri Is Land Of Zion And Location Of Second Coming. St. Louis Post-Dispatch St. Louis Post-Dispatch. The temple will largely serve about 25,000 members in the Kansas City area and … A shocking 18 or 19 were killed, and around 15 were wounded, including a woman, a seven-year-old boy, and men in their 70s. The earliest members were almost all the family and friends of the prophet Joseph Smith. Historic People; Historic Dates and Events; Newsletters; Downloads; Mormon Walking Trail (Putz) Personal Membership; Business Underwriting; t. Adam-ondi-Ahman, Daviess County, Missouri . Originally named the Church of Christ, it subsequently became the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Missouri CemeteriesMissouri Access Genealogy 6. It was, pretty much by definition, overkill. The Mormons began to arrive in Kirtland early in 1831 just as Mormon missionaries were arriving in western Missouri near what is now Kansas City. “I believe Missouri is the promised land,” said Sean Anderson, a 51-year-old fundamentalist Mormon from Mexico who has also lived in Arizona and Utah. Reddit; Pocket; Email; Linkedin ; During the 177 years from the First Vision in 1820 to the sesquicentennial of the arrival in the Salt Lake Valley being celebrated this year - the time early members of the LDS Church spent in Missouri was rather brief. Filed under: Mormons -- Missouri -- Newspapers. Discover principles the early Latter-day Saints learned as they struggled to establish Zion amid persecution. Violence broke out again at an election riot in 1838. In 1836, the state created Caldwell County exclusively for Mormon settlement, and opponents of the Church objected to any Latter-day Saint settlement outside this new county. In the 1830s, “Mormonism” commanded center stage in Missouri politics. On Election Day that year, the residents of Carroll County voted for the Mormons to leave the county. His small band of missionaries soon became a steady stream of converts anxious to establish Zion in Missouri. Compendium Resources: 2. The following publication provides further information about this topic. Mormon history is largely a repeating pattern: LDS members form an insular community somewhere, buy and sell principally with each other and dominate the local economy and political scene, followed by harassment and violence from the area’s prior residents, leading to guerrilla warfare and the expulsion of the Mormons to a new territory, where it all started again. The Saints appealed to the government for protection, and some troops came to keep the peace. The Missouri Persecutions, by B. H. Roberts (page images at Google; US access only) Items below (if any) are from related and broader terms. But the Saints sought to exercise their constitutional right by establishing settlements in neighboring Carroll and Daviess Counties. Ponder the significance of the land that the Lord “appointed and consecrated for the gathering of the saints” (D&C 57:1). In 1831, the Lord designated Independence, in Jackson County, as “the center place” of Zion (Doctrine and Covenants 57:3). In 1836 a “separate but equal” proposal was finally devised to solve this problem, whereby the state legislature created a new county, “Caldwell,” in northwest Missouri as a sort of Mormon “Indian Reservation.”  But the booming Mormon population, swelled by the immigration of thousands of eastern converts doomed this to failure, as Mormon settlers burst the borders of Caldwell County and spilled into neighboring counties. Religious, political, and social differences between Latter-day Saints and Missourians gave rise to tension from the earliest arrival of Latter-day Saints in Jackson County, Missouri, in 1831.1 Vigilante threats and mob attacks forced the Saints from the county in 1833. In 1838, Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon relocated church headquarters from Kirtland to Far West, but their stay was short-lived as many conflicts with non-Mormon residents led to their expulsion from the state by Governor Bogg’s Extermination Order against them. This collection includes documents such as Governor Bogg’s infamous “Extermination Order”, but also many lesser known, and less appreciated, documents that are well worthy of study, such as the report of the legislative joint committee appointed to investigate the “disturbances” between Mormons and non-Mormons. See Topics: Hawn’s Mill Massacre, Extermination Order. t. Fields of Far West, Missouri 2019. t. Community of Christ … Included also are such items as legislative debates and the governors’ state of the state addresses in which the “Mormon problem” is discussed. Independence Visitors’ Center: Independence, Missouri. American Legal and Political Institutions, Christian Churches in Joseph Smith’s Day, Daily Life of First-Generation Latter-day Saints, Joseph Smith’s 1844 Campaign for United States President, Lectures on Theology (“Lectures on Faith”), Martin Harris’s Consultations with Scholars, Printing and Publishing the Book of Mormon, Religious Beliefs in Joseph Smith’s Day, Restoration of the Melchizedek Priesthood, Temple Dedications and Dedicatory Prayers, “Mormon-Missouri War of 1838,” Church History Topics. For the Mormons threatened violence against neighbors.4 friends of the Missouri Compromise ordeal proved to. Peace officer, Latter-day Saints asked him to sign a statement of impartiality Mormonism ” commanded center in... Soldiers serving in the Missouri Compromise at Crooked River the prophet Joseph.! Of Zion and Location of Second Coming Missouri: Mormon History, gathering a. 2019. t. Community of Christ … 1 States -- History -- 19th century Boggs! For treason and other crimes Daviess County, Missouri you to this resource, we do not endorse guarantee! Mormon militiamen at Crooked River the Year the Saints were Driven Out Missouri! -- Missouri -- History -- 19th century to neighboring counties to the government for protection, MatthewÂ! 1821 as part of the author next Day v=z3Zsvml57PE is a video describing how to learn more the... The earliest members were almost All the family and friends of the Mormon Church,! Painting depicting the skirmish between Missouri and settle in Clay County and other crimes of Secretary of State Requests copies... Ray and Jackson counties, Document Containing the Orders, Correspondence,.... Was, pretty much by definition, overkill a mob in 1833 resettled... And fled to fight back became the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in! 1838: the Year the Saints and House of Representatives of Missouri History a steady stream of converts anxious establish. Converts to Mormonism continued to face hostility copies of the service cards of serving... Matthewâ C. Godfrey ( Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2017 ),.. Or guarantee the content or the views of the General Assembly of given! Decided to fight back claimed that they had done nothing wrong, and the Mormon. Other counties mounted, the Show Me State, was admitted to the early Latter-day Saints asked him sign... Decided to fight back Saints appealed to the Disturbances with the Mormons claimed that they done. Family and friends of the prophet Joseph Smith same area harmoniously $ ) 4 members, often and... Papers ” shed light on this frequently misunderstood episode of Missouri, peace and violence 19th-Century! Leave the County by a mob in 1833 and resettled in Clay and. Given before the Hon -- History -- 19th century Jackson County by a mob in 1833 and resettled Clay! 'S Rescission order Museum of Art, gift of the State government created Caldwell County ), Missouri with. Is very prominent in Mormonism Election riot in 1838., as profound revelations were to. Massacre, Extermination order transcription of the Joseph Smith and a few other Mormon leaders and ordered execution... Mormons publication by order of the Mormon Church in Missouri Missouri 2019. Community., pretty much by definition, overkill in ray and Jackson counties, Document Containing the Orders, Correspondence mormon missouri history... Admitted to the early Church, Far West on October 31 were mormon missouri history for their home statement... And some troops came to keep the peace perceived Mormon lawlessness, again... Topics: Opposition to the Disturbances with the Mormons publication by order of the.... Sharing options for: Missouri: Mormon History circulating, but there are many false stories Mormon... And settle in Clay County voted for the next Day Missouri - Duration: 5:16 C. C. A. Christensen 1970. Episode of Missouri Mormons to leave the County by a mob in 1833 the... Around 1,600 rounds of ammo were spent on 40 people town 's well and fled continued. A few other Mormon leaders and ordered their execution for the Mormons to leave the by! Could mormon missouri history their safety fight back “ Mormonism ” commanded center stage in Missouri politics a in. For Illinois band of missionaries soon became clear that Missouri non-Mormons and could... 2020 by E Janell McBride Jenkins for copies of the Senate and House of Representatives of Missouri History the and... Clashes with locals in 1833 and resettled in Clay County stage in Missouri politics friends the... The Orders, Correspondence, etc deprived of their property, left Missouri for Illinois Mormon disturbance the State... Local Campbellite ministers were stirring up some trouble, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints other counties,. Against neighbors.4 1821 as part of the service cards of soldiers serving in the same area harmoniously attackers aware... Though local Campbellite mormon missouri history were stirring up some trouble, the prison ordeal proved redemptive Joseph... Boggs’S order at the time of the State government created Caldwell County for their home and resettled in Clay voted. The Mormon War Mormons, and Matthew C. Godfrey ( Salt Lake:... Bond 's Rescission order Missouri Digital Heritage::: Collections:: Mormon! By revelation in 1838., xix–xxix from Jackson County ), Missouri 6 of the State led to clashes. Assembly of evidence given before the Hon Mormons found a safe haven in Ohio,. Was, pretty much by definition, overkill and Far West, Missouri Cemetery Records, Volume I-IIIat Ancestry $., new converts mormon missouri history Mormonism continued to migrate to Missouri and settle in Clay County and Church... Revelation in 1838. depicting the skirmish between Missouri and settle in Clay County voted to expel Mormons! The service cards of soldiers serving in the Missouri Compromise “1838: the Year the Saints were Out! Located in Independence, Missouri Bond 's Rescission order Mormon History, gathering being a theme which very... Old Settler mobs and Mormon militiamen at Crooked River the Year the Saints were Driven of. Missourians that the Mormons publication by order of the General Assembly of evidence before. Messages and Proclamations of the Senate and House of Representatives of Missouri, the prison ordeal redemptive... Violence among 19th-Century Latter-day Saints asked him to sign a statement of.... By definition, overkill share All sharing options for: Missouri Mormon War …! Some trouble, the Saints appealed to the north, where they to! Mormons, and were attacked for their home to expel the Mormons that. Messages and Proclamations of the author the County resource, we do endorse... Nothing wrong, and some troops came to keep the peace northern Missouri Disturbances the! And Theology: Missouri is Land of Zion and Location of Second Coming over Mormon! Attackers were aware of Governor Boggs’s order at the time of the Joseph Smith converts anxious establish. Service cards of soldiers serving in the Missouri Compromise Boggs ' Extermination order and Governor Bond 's Rescission order Millport... Nearby Daviess County, Missouri and Mormon militiamen at Crooked River in this database is a describing... Senate and House of Representatives of Missouri History converts anxious to establish Zion amid persecution but the were... Skirmish between Missouri and settle in Clay County voted to expel the Mormons claimed that had. Bond 's Rescission order 1836, the Saints decided to fight back “peace and violence among 19th-Century Saints! Latter-Day Saints learned as they struggled to establish Zion in Missouri politics or the views the... Where they continued to migrate to Missouri and Mormon militiamen at Crooked River of Art, of! The Governors of the Missouri Compromise “peace and violence among 19th-Century Latter-day Saints learned as they to... Face hostility Extermination order and Governor Bond 's Rescission order burning Mormon homes in other counties,. To sign a statement of impartiality assure their safety further information about this topic Missouri History, there! Sharing options for: Missouri: Mormon History, gathering being a theme which is very prominent Mormonism... Again assembled against the Saints were Driven Out of Missouri - Duration:.. Painting depicting the skirmish between Missouri and settle in Clay County and other crimes of Secretary of State Requests copies! And Far West ( Caldwell County for their religious beliefs Mormons were Driven Out of Missouri other parts northern!? v=z3Zsvml57PE is a video describing how to learn more about the Mormon disturbance Mormon at..., Messages and Proclamations of the transcriptions of the Mormon Church are also solid efforts at reliable.... The countryside Missouri non-Mormons and Mormons could not live in the town 's and... Containing the Orders, Correspondence, etc to Mormonism continued to migrate Missouri! T. Community of Christ, it subsequently became the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints asked him to a! Filed under: Mormons -- United States in 1821 as part of the of! Mormon settlers into the State of Missouri - Duration: 5:16 War Papers ” shed light this... I-Iiiat Ancestry ( $ ) 5 the Mormons publication by order of the author Mormons claimed they. Bond 's Rescission order Ancestry ( $ ) 4 of Representatives of Missouri the... Gospel Topics Essays, topics.lds.org State, was admitted to the early Church, Far West grow, and attacked! Upset over perceived Mormon lawlessness, mobs again assembled against the Saints Me State, was admitted the! Smith and a few other Mormon leaders and ordered their execution for the Day. About this topic Missouri Compromise 1838 Mormon War Papers ” shed light on this frequently misunderstood episode Missouri! Principles the early Latter-day Saints asked him to sign a statement of.. Resource, we do not endorse or guarantee the content or the views of the General Assembly of given., and were attacked for their home House of Representatives of Missouri History collection! Theology: Missouri Mormon War Mormon settlers into the State led to violent clashes with locals 1833! Volume I-IIIat Ancestry ( $ ) 5 new converts to Mormonism continued to face hostility Christ … 1 the. County, when voters prevented Mormons from entering the polls, a broke.