These calculators offer various variables and it is a good idea to try them all to get a good idea of what is involved in calculating heat pump requirements. Ratings Appropriate in (c) and (d) above 2. What is a BTU? What is correct formula for calculating COP of heat pump? COP measures how many times more efficient the heat pump is than electric resistance heat with an efficiency of 100%. The COP of a heat pump generally measures between 5 and 6, which translates to an efficiency rate between 500% and 600%. COP stands for Coefficient of Performance and is frequently used with heat pumps. η REV = 1- (T 2 /T 1). Heat pumps are systems that are characterized by the high output/input ratio. An electric heater has a COP of 1. Some of you have requested an HSPF calculation that could explain that (and we’ve prepared it). In a refrigeration cycle, the desired output is Q C, because the goal is to remove heat from the cold reservoir. But in reality the best systems are around 4.5. High Temperature Coefficient of Performance, COP 6. Wärmepumpen. Here’s the formula to calculate it for yourself, EER = .875 x SEER. Outside air shows the widest bandwidth with 36 K and an average temperature of 2.8 °C. As can be seen, the COP of a heat pump system can be improved by reducing the temperature difference (T hot – T cold). Low Temperature Coefficient of Performance, COP e. For VRF Multi-Split Heat Recovery Heat Pumps 1. Water and ground source heat pumps normally have COPs of 3-5 (Soltani et al., 2015). [COP] ref = Desired effect / Work input [COP] ref = Q2 / W [COP] H.P And in heat pump, the desired effect is to maintain temperature of the body B more than the surrounding temperature. Related Content. Heat pump and refrigerator are two names of the same device.. Therefore, [COP] H.P. [COP] H. P. = Q1 / W . According to the above formula, the maximum achievable COP for T hot = 35 °C (308 K) and T cold = 0 °C (273 K) would be 8.8. The cold body is cooled more and more. Calculate the amount of heat (Q hot) the heat pump can add to a room?If the heat pump were turned to the cooling mode (i.e. COP=Q/W. The required input is the work input, W ref. heat pumps is relatively high and its activity occurs more often without any rela-tion to weather conditions compared to air source heat pumps. The working substance used in these components is called refrigerant. Maximum theoretical efficiency for a heating process is. However, they can also be used to keep everything nice and cool in the summer. Heat Pump (Total Cost) = Initial Cost Of Heat Pump + Electricity Costs . The result is a useful equation for calculating the COP R. From the above formula of the COP you will find that: COP of Heat Pump = 1 + COP of the Refrigerator. d. [COP] H. P. = W / Q2. ANSWER: [COP] H. P. = Q1 / W . The real question is, does the lower running electricity costs justify the higher initial cost of a high HSPF heat pump. This mean that for 1 W of electric energy heat pump transfer from the ground 3 W of geothermal additional energy which if we neglect loses is equal to the 4 W of thermal energy. Using Them to Heat and Cool. Assuming 5KW is the heat output by the heat pump. What is COP : definition and formula. Air source heat pumps generally have COPs ranging from 2 to 4, indicating that they deliver 2-4 times more thermal energy than they consume in terms of electrical energy. Simultaneous Cooling and Heating Efficiency (SCHE) (50% heating/50% cooling). The higher the air temperature, the higher the COP. A heat pump deliver 60000 Btu/h with a total electric input of 9 kW: COP = (60000 Btu/h) / (3413 (9 kW)) = 1.95. f. For VRF Multi-Split Heat Pump Systems that Use a … The heat pump cycle uses an ideal cycle with an evaporator at 5oC and a condenser at 12.19 bar. The COP of the refrigerator and air-conditioner can be less than one or greater than one. Coefficient of Performance (COP) of Heat pump and Refrigerator. Der Wert wird allerdings im Labor gemessen, weshalb die tatsächliche Effizienz anders ausfallen kann. The Seasonal Performance Factor (SPF) is a measure of how energy efficient your heat pump is. Average input energy is equal to ¼ of the output energy. COP may also be used for domestic heating. And that it generates this by using 2kW of electrical energy and 3kW of energy from outside air. COP = Coefficient of Performance, ratio used to evaluate efficiency of heating or cooling systems. A heat pump is a mechanical system that allows for the transmission of heat from one location (the "source") at a lower temperature to another location (the "sink" or "heat sink") at a higher temperature. When we use this device to remove heat then it is called a refrigerator and when we use this device to obtain heat then it is called a heat pump. Each watt of power consumed produces 1 Watt of heat. A given heat pump used for air cooling has a COP = 2. Therefore, the produced heat and the supplied power employ the same units during COP calculation. Methods 2.1 Coefficient of performance (COP) of heat pump The formula of ideal heat pump COP: 1H L H L H L T TCOP T T T T = = + âˆ’ âˆ’ ï¼ˆ1ï¼‰ Where TH is the temperature of the heat sink, that is, the condensation side temperature, K; TL is the temperature of the heat source, that is, the temperature of the evaporation side,K. ); marco.fossa@unige.it (M.F.) So, COP R = Q C over W ref. The higher the number the less it will cost to operate. The vapour is dry saturated at inlet to the compressor. In refrigerators and heat pumps the performance is measured by COP which is desired effect divided by the net work done. Calculate the thermal advantage (Coefficient of Performance) for the heat pump. COP ratings range from 1.5 to 4 and performance is dependent upon where geographically they are installed. Maximum COP . The heat source temperature and its constancy during a year depend very strongly on the type of heat source. BTU stands for British Thermal Unit and is standard for measuring heating capacity. Heat pumps transfer heat from cold body to a hot body by the expense of mechanical energy supplied to it by an external agent. A reversible heat pump has a coefficient of performance, COP = 3.0, when operated in the heating mode.Its compressor consumes 1500 W of electric energy.. B. Heat Pump Calculators. Read a full explanation and download a calculation template to use in your application for the Domestic Renewable Heat Incentive. A heat pump deliver 50000 Btu/h with a total input of 7 kW: COP = (50000 Btu/h) / (3413 (7 kW)) = 2.1. b. In the equation, Q is the useful heat supplied by the heat pump, and W is the energy required to operate the heat pump. Example – Heat Pump – Heating and Air Conditioning. The plant is to deliver 40 kW of heat. - Published on 19 Aug 15. a. COP = Output heating or cooling in Wh / input electrical energy in Wh Note that for cooling system it is better to use EER coefficient. Assume evaporator effluent is a saturated vapor and the condenser effluent is a saturated liquid. Sie beschreibt das Verhältnis aus nutzbarer und aufgebrachter Energie. The COP of an air source heat pump decreases as the outside temperature drops. Heater size is measured in BTU output. Modelling Heat Pumps with Variable EER and COP in EnergyPlus: A Case Study Applied to Ground Source and Heat Recovery Heat Pump Systems Antonella Priarone *, Federico Silenzi and Marco Fossa DIME, University of Genova, Via all’Opera Pia 15a, 16145 Genova, Italy; federico.silenzi@edu.unige.it (F.S. Eine Leistungszahl von z. At the evaporator side 3,0-3,5 kW of heat is extracted. [COP] H. P. = Q2 / W. c. [COP] H. P. = W / Q1. Then the COP of the heat pump will be 2.5. Thermodynamic heat pump cycles or refrigeration cycles are the conceptual and mathematical models for heat pump, air conditioning and refrigeration systems. Heat Pump A heat pump is a device which applies external work to extract an amount of heat Q C from a cold reservoir and delivers heat Q H to a hot reservoir. A heat pump generally comprises four key components which include a condenser, a compressor, an expansion valve and an evaporator. COP das Verhältnis der abgegebenen Heizleistung einer Wärmepumpe zur aufgewendeten elektrischen Leistung des Verdichters an. The objective of using a heat pump calculator is to determine the size, cost and eventual cost savings of the heat pump system you will need based on your heating requirements. For a heat pump a COP value of 4 means that the addition of 1 kW of electric energy is needed to have a release of 4 kW of heat at the condensor. Je höher ihr Betrag ist, umso sparsamer arbeitet eine Wärmepumpe. COP is indicated without units. Example - Hot Water Radiator System. COP = 500 q dt / 3143 P (1) where . The condenser produces liquid at 45oC. Home >> Category >> Mechanical Engineering (MCQ) questions and answers >> Thermodynamics; Q. The COP for heat pumps tends to range from 3.2 to 5.2, depending on the same criteria as before. It is possible to use heat pumps to keep your home warm in the winter months, as well as heat your hot water. Keywords: Heat Pump, COP, System Integration, Generalized Model, Energy Efficiency, Economic 1. Low Temperature Heating Standard Rating Capacity, Btu/h [W] 7. A typical heat pump will have a COP of approximately 6.0 when the … Conventional heat pumps have COP of 2 - 5, delivering 2 to 5 times the energy they consume. In technical formula, COP is written as Q/W, where Q is the heat generated and W is the power used. Bei elektrischen Wärmepumpen (WP) mit Kältemittel gibt die Leistungszahl bzw. From cold body to a hot body by the heat pump ] H. P. = /... 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